Today, heel pains have become a common problem, and there are several causes attributed to it. It is essential for doctors to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of the pain and symptoms so that an accurate and appropriate treatment can be directed.
Doctors can determine the cause of the pain based on symptoms and physical examination. Highlighted below are the top 5 causes of heel pains.
The Plantar Fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. It is caused by inflammation and irritation of the tight tissues that form the arch of the foot. Additionally, Plantar Fasciitis is characterized by pain at the bottom of the heel. The pain is always felt after a rest such as when taking the first step in the morning or when standing up after a prolonged sitting.
Besides, Plantar Fasciitis causes a stabbing pain that can come and go throughout the day depending on the activity level.There are many ways through which it can be treated. Most people use ice application or anti-inflammatory medications in treating the pain. Often, it takes time and avoidance aggravating for the pain to wade off.
This kind of tendonitis causes inflammation of the Achilles tendon. It is as a result of trauma or overuse to the Achilles, the big cord-like tendon, which attaches to the back of the heel bone. Typically, the pain is located at the tendon that is slightly above the heel bone.
Achilles tendonitis causes nagging pain that takes longer to resolve. Some of the simple methods to treat this include use of ice, use of heel wedges, and anti-inflammatory medications.
Unfortunately, this is one of the most common, yet poorly understood diseases. Typical arthritic joint symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, and decreased range of motion.
The most common type of arthritis is known as osteoarthritis. It is simply the tear and wear of the heel joints over time. Treatment of this disease includes immobilizing braces and physical therapy.
Bursitis refers to an inflammation of a fluid-filled sac that lies between the bone and tendon. Moreover, retro calcaneal bursitis causes deep pain at the back of the heel as a result of inflammation of the bursa that lies beneath the Achilles tendon.
The point where the tendon attaches to the back of the heel bone. In addition, bursitis can be caused by show running against a bony prominence on the heel bone. It thus results in pain, redness a sometimes swelling of the upper part of the back heel.
A tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition that causes the large nerves at the back of the foot to become pinched. They are similar to the carpal tunnel syndrome of the hands.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can cause severe pain at the back of the heel. Additionally, other symptoms such as tingling and numbness can occur to people with such conditions, hence making their movement difficult.
Back heel pains have become a common phenomenon with people today. Hence, if you feel that your heels are not in good shape, chances are you might be developing this common diseases. Hence, it is the right time for you to see a doctor.